Resources Consulted in Preparing this Activity Include:

Bahde, Anne. Using Primary Sources: Hands-On Instructional Exercises. (Book). Published 2014.

Kopp, Maggie (2014). Start to Finish: Learning the Primary Source Research Process in 50 Minutes. In Bahde, A., Smedberg, H., & Taormina, M. (Eds.) Using Primary Sources: Hands-On Instructional Exercises: Hands-On Instructional Exercises. (pp. `8-20). ABC-CLIO.

“Primary Source Analysis Tool,” Getting Started with Primary Sources, Library of Congress, accessed January 21, 2021,

Barton, M., & The RBMS Instruction and Outreach Committee. (2019, May). A lesson plan template. Retrieved March, 2021, from

Spitz, B. (2021, March). Structured Close Looking: Modifying a Primary Source Analysis Activity for Asynchronous & Synchronous Remote Teaching. Retrieved March, 2021, from

SAA-ACRL/RBMS Joint Task Force on the Development of Guidelines for Primary Source Literacy (JTF-PSL). (2018, June). Guidelinesfor Primary Source Literacy. Retrieved from

Center for Educational Innovation. (n.d.). Active Learning. Retrieved February, 2021, from,of%20knowledge%20from%20an%20expert.

Additional Useful Resources Include: 

Gormly, B., Seale, M., Alpert-Abrams, H., Gustavson, A., Kemp, A., Lindquist, T., & Logsdon, A. (2019). Teaching with Digital Primary Sources: Literacies, Finding and Evaluating, Citing, Ethics, and Existing Models. #DLFteach.

Sara R. Haviland, “Civil Rights in Brooklyn: A Scaffolded Approach,”, accessed [2021, March],

Cole, H. (2021, January 11). Teaching with Primary Sources: Online Instruction with Primary Sources. Retrieved February, 2021, from

Duke University Libraries. (2020, August 26). Teaching Materiality Online with the Rubenstein Library. Retrieved February, 2021, from


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